Samarkand Uzbekistan Culture
Uzbekistan in Central Asia is a charming country with a rich history and a culture that warms the heart. From the blue-tiled mosques of the Uzbek capital Tashkent to the vast deserts of Kyrgyzstan, it offers an ancient culture and ample opportunities for adventure. The rich cultural and architectural heritage is left behind during the time of the country as an enclave of the Soviet Union, which makes it all the more fascinating.
After the uprising against the Mongolian rulers in 1365 Samarkand became the home of Timur and Tamerlan, which made it one of the most important cities in Central Asia. In 1370 he founded the Timurian Empire with Samarksand as its capital and conquered Central Europe and most of Eastern Europe.
Samarkand rose up against its Mongolian rulers in 1365 and became the capital of the Timur Empire, making it the most important development, becoming an important city in Central Asia and an important commercial center.
Huns, Turks and Arabs came from the West and brought the new religion of Islam to Uzbekistan by building mosques and madrassas. Turkish invaders conquered the city and led to the spread of Islamic art and culture.
The city of Transoxiana became an important center of Muslim learning under the rule of the Samanids, who were of Iranian descent. During their rule, Bukhara was founded as their capital, and under their rule Samarkand became the capital of Central Asia until the end of the ninth century. Under the Abbasid rule, it became a very important centre for Islamic civilisation and an important centre for the study of Islam and its art and culture. While the capital of today is Tashkent, Samarksand is the second largest city in Uzbekistan and the third largest in the world.
Samarkand is also known as one of the most important centres for the study of Islam and its art and culture. It is home to the Samanid, the Azerbaijani population and a number of other important cultural and religious institutions.
Over the centuries, the territory of what is now Uzbekistan has produced great scholars, poets and writers whose heritage has enriched the general culture and humanity. The culture of Uzbekistan is a mixture of different ethnic groups and cultures, as it is home to more than 130 ethnic groups and nationalities. Uzbeks are the majority population, but they have also absorbed many other ethnic and religious groups, such as Turkmen, Kazakhs, Tajiks, Turkmen, Uzbeks, Kyrgyz and others.
The Uzbeks began to form themselves from Turkic and Mongolian nomadic tribes that had converted to Islam, and after Timur's death in the 15th century, the Uzbek tribes became the dominant ethnic group in modern Uzbekistan.
The region came under Uzbek political domination in the 16th century, and the Turkish-speaking population became the majority. Persian culture remained the belle letter of culture, but the region's most important cultural center, which also housed the world's first modern mosque, the Tajik Mosque, is located in modern Uzbekistan, thanks to his uncle Stalin. Today, most Tajiks, as they are called locally, have been pushed into the retreat areas of Tajikistan. However, Tajik people still make up the majority in this part of Central Asia, with only a few hundred thousand people left.
UNESCO has classified Samarkand as "Samarkand at the crossroads of civilizations," noting that its influence can be seen from the Mediterranean to the Indian subcontinent. The glittering minarets of the Tajik mosque with its elaborate facade recall ancient shrines in Kashmir. Situated on the Silk Road between China and the Mediterranean Sea, it is in the heart of Central Asia, just a few hundred kilometres from Uzbekistan.
In the 19th century it was the capital of Uzbekistan, but this status has since been lost to Tashkent, today's city of Samarkand, and is today the second largest city in the country after Uzbekistan. Persians still make up a significant proportion of the population of Tajikistan and other parts of Central Asia, but are identified as Uzbeks by census data from the late Russian Empire. With a diverse cultural heritage, Uzbekism, a predominantly Muslim nation, has proved a model for those who have stayed there since the end of World War II.
With scenic views like these, Uzbekistan's culture is rooted in timeless traditions and a unique history, and is one of the world's most popular destinations.
The city is known as an early Islamic centre for scientific studies and is home to one of the world's most prestigious universities, the University of Uzbekistan. With such a rich history and culture, it is no wonder that Samarkand is also known as the heart of the "Great Silk Road." For centuries, the ancient Silk Road led the people of Central Asia into a new world of trade and culture.
In the early 8th century AD Samarkand was conquered by the Arabs and soon developed into an important centre of Muslim culture. The first madrassa was built here in the fifteenth century by Timurian ruler Ulugh Beg, who transformed it into a centre of culture and learning.